Christopher Titmuss Dharma Blog

A Buddhist Perspective

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Can we Know the End of the World? A Transcribed/Adapted Talk on the theme, guided meditation and Q and A.

Hosted online by Sangha Live on Sunday, 7 February 2021, the following comprises a transcription, edit and adaption on the theme of a 30-minute guided meditation, 30-minute teaching and 30-minute question and answers. Continue reading 

Do I Create My Own Suffering? Does Another Create My Suffering? Or between us, we create suffering? Or is it Chance, Fate or Destiny?

The Buddha expressed a profound concern on our holding to personal views about the causes of suffering. If we do, we can blame ourselves, blame others, both ourselves and others or believe in circumstances we cannot prove.

I would advise every person looking into suffering to read and re-read the following words of the Buddha until deeply understood. In the bamboo grove in the Squirrel Sanctuary, Raghir in Bihar, India, the Buddha had  an inquiry with an austere yogi from another sect: Continue reading 

Primitive. Violence and Evolution and Conditionality

Why are we so primitive

after thousands of years

of so-called evolution?

We would live a worthwhile life if we spent much, much  more time inquiring into the four conditions for what arises.  We would then have the capacity to respond wisely to events, personal, social or global. We would lose all interest  in fueling suffering.

The four conditions have immense significance influence.  They give rise to every ‘thing’ from sub-atomic particles to every event in this world and to the cosmos. Here they are – as taught by Nagarjuna, the 2nd century Buddhist sage.

 The Four Conditions for Whatever Arises, Stays (Endures) and Passes are:

 1. Stronger condition (s)  This refers to  conditions that stand out more

 2. Supportive This refers to surrounding conditions.

 3. Leading up to This refers to what led up to what arises, recent or long past.

 4. Universal.  This refers to all the conditions, major and minor, known and unknown, for what arises

There is no fifth condition!

If, as human beings, we are going to develop, then we must be willing to give a lot of time to looking into all four conditions for any situation.  This includes war or peace,  success or failure, having or losing, happiness or unhappiness, health and sickness and so on.

We will look inwardly and we will look outwardly. Every time we are blaming, angry and violent, our reaction will remind us that we still have some way to go to become civilized human beings.

The conditions themselves also dependently arise. We can treat the four conditions as a conventional view, a costumed truth.

The purpose of looking deeply into causality is to take the suffering out of events or the events that might arise later through wise action.

We may need to seek out the company of the wise.


We label ‘people,’ ‘places,’ ‘views,’ ‘beliefs,’ ‘experiences’ or ‘things.’

We take note of which of the four conditions we tend to focus on.

Do we tend to focus on one or more?

We ask ourselves if there are any problematic desires, any projections or unwise views in our interpretation of events.

Do we honestly believe that our identity is who we are and somebody else’s identity is who they are?

Are we that naïve to think like that?

These four conditions refer to past, present and future. We see that nothing has any inherent existence – not religion, not secularism, not wealth, not poverty, not birth, not death, not what arises, what stays or what passes. The world is multi-faced.

There is nothing inherent to grasp onto, not yesterday, not now,  not in the future, nor a metaphysic outside of time.

We regularly employ one of these four interpretations when we endevour to explain what caused something to happen.

We often live in the entrapment of simplistic cause and effect views rather than looking deeper.

Are we that naïve to think like that?

Why are we still so primitive after thousands of years of so-called evolution?

We all pay a heavy price for the views we cling to and propogate.

There is one great freedom and that is the freedom to be wise about causes and conditions and not bound  up.

We are at our best as human beings when we go deep into issues without any kind of identity, conscious or unconscious.

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